Abstract Coral reefs are considered one of the most biodiverse marine ecosystems on the planet. Coral reefs host a large and various community of organisms such as fishes, echinoderms, plankton, etc. The coral reef is a perfect example of the Darwin Paradox, i.e. it has a high productivity when the available nutrients are low (oligotrophic seawater).
Coral reefs are threatened by several stressors. Most of these stressors are directly and indirectly linked to anthropogenic factors such as anthropogenic enrichment, overfishing, climate change, etc.